Plants are a normal part of any natural aquatic environment. Knowing what plants you have in and around the water are vital pieces of information to making the best lake or pond management decisions for the overall great health of the environment.
Aquatic plants labeled as submersed are ones that are totally dependent on being underwater their entire life cycle. It is difficult to see what types of submersed plants you have if the water is murky. An expert can use cameras to get a good view of the plant life that resides beneath the surface of the water and help identify the particular type. You can better decide the health of the water and plants with a visual inspection.
Floating Aquatic Plants
Floating plants are ones that require a certain portion of the plant to reside above the water in order to have access to full sunlight. Plants of this variety do require a constant source of water to survive. Floating plants will die when removed from the water for any length of time.
Emergent plants are generally thick and stiff and are found growing at the edges of ponds and lakes. The root system is deep enough to withstand a dry area, but they will thrive equally well in a partially submerged situation and in soggy ground.
Types of Algae
Algae is a common plant that grows in relatively undisturbed aquatic environments. Planktonic are typically single-celled and tend to float on the surface of the water in small blotches. It can actually change the color of the water when in abundance. Macrophytic varieties of algae grow in longer strings and are what many people are familiar with as moss. It is essential to make pond algae identification with the help of experts like Lake Doctors.
Recognizing Healthy and Unhealthy Varieties
The importance of recognizing the types of plants you have in your aquatic environment can make a difference in the health of the pond or lake. Some plants and algae are harmful to aquatic life and humans. Certain varieties of plants will take over and become a nuisance.
A healthy aquatic environment is one that strives to maintain balance in plant life and water quality. Once you discover the plant life you have, better planning and management decisions can be made.